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流通产业集聚对中国城乡收入差距的影响研究

作者:润色论文网  来源:www.runselw.com  发布时间:2019/9/16 11:08:59  

摘要:在我国的国民经济当中流通产业的价值作用很高,将生产和消费的环节有效连接了起来,能够进一步加快城市化改进、产业结构优化、提高就业率的变革进程。流通产业的发展促进了我国城乡收入差距的缩小,已经能够大力推进我国的乡村振兴战略进程。本文将以我国的流通产业发展和城乡居民收入水平的趋势性特征分析入手,基于2005-2016的省级面板数据,研究了流通产业聚集及流通产业四大细分行业对我国城乡收入差距产生的动态效应,并进一步发掘不同流通产业对中国城乡收入差距间的异同点。

研究流通产业集聚与中国城乡之间收入差距的关系时,本文利用两种方法对此进行检验。首先基于批发零售,住宿和餐饮,运输,仓储和邮政行业整体情况,及信息传输,计算机服务和软件行业的四个主要部分。衡量流通产业集聚的总体水平对城乡之间收入差距的影响;其次,基于此,进而进到流通产业的四个子行业(零售,住宿和批发和餐饮,运输,仓储和邮政服务,以及信息传递,计算机服务和软件产业),各类流通产业子行业的发展对城乡收入差距的影响及其差异。

研究发现,无论是集流通产业的各分行业进行分析,还是单独就流通产业的集聚水平进行考究,都会发现流通产业的集聚能够有效增添农村居民就业的岗位,同时加快农村劳动力的转型,增强居民的收入能力,进一步缩减城乡之间的收入差距。流通产业的四大子行业发展也会对城乡收入差距产生重大影响。但不相同的是,餐饮,运输,仓储和批发和零售,住宿和邮政服务极大程度上促进了城乡收入差距的缩小。信息传播,计算机服务和软件产业对缩小城乡收入差距没有作用,反是在扩大城乡收入差距方面发挥出很大的作用。其根本上的原因在于信息传输,计算机服务和软件产业的就业准入门槛较高,劳动力的高技能要求和知识要求。信息传输,计算机服务和软件产业的高收入效应阻止了农村就业劳动力的加入。与此同时,这也加剧了城镇的居民与农村的居民间的收入水平差异,最终导致了收入差距的扩大。

Circulation industry is an important partof the national economy. It undertakes the function of linking production andconsumption. It plays an important role in improving the level of urbanization,industrial restructuring and increasing employment. The developmentof circulation industry has promoted the narrowing of the income gap betweenurban and rural areas in China,and has become animportant driver of the strategy of Rural Revitalization in China. Based on theanalysis of the trend characteristics of the development of China's circulationindustry and the income level of urban and rural residents, and on the basis of the provincial panel data from 2005 to 2016,this paper studies the agglomeration of circulation industry underthe dynamic panel data of GMM, and how the four majorsub-sectors of circulation industry have produced the dynamic effects on theincome gap between urban and rural areas in China over the years,and further explores the impact of different circulation industrieson domestic cities. The similarities and differences between the rural incomegap.

When studying the relationship between theagglomeration of circulation industry and the income gap between urban andrural areas in China,this paper uses two methods totest this. First,based on the overall situation ofwholesale and retail,accommodation and catering,transportation,warehousing and postalindustry,and information transmission,computer services and software industry. Measure the impact of theoverall level of the agglomeration of the circulation industry on the incomegap between urban and rural areas; the second is based on this,and then into the four sub-industries of the circulation industry(retail,accommodation and wholesale and catering,transportation,storage and postal services,as well as information transmission,computerservices and software industries,the development ofvarious sub-industries of the circulation industry on the income gap betweenurban and rural areas and their differences. The sample period of empiricalresearch is selected as the annual data from 2005 to 2016. The software used isstata15.0.

The study holds that,no matter the analysis of various sub-industries of theagglomeration industry or the study of the agglomeration level of thecirculation industry alone,it will be found that theagglomeration of the circulation industry promotes the transfer of the ruralemployment labor force by lowering the employment threshold of the ruralresidents,improves the income level of the ruralresidents,effectively promotes the narrowing of theincome gap between urban and rural areas,and theagglomeration of the circulation industry.

The development of four sub-industries ofcirculation industry will also have a significant impact on the income gapbetween urban and rural areas. But the difference is that catering,transportation,warehousing,wholesale and retail,accommodation andpostal services have greatly contributed to narrowing the income gap betweenurban and rural areas. Information dissemination,computerservices and software industry have no effect on narrowing the income gapbetween urban and rural areas,on the contrary,they play a great role in expanding the income gap between urban andrural areas. The fundamental reason lies in the information transmission,the higher threshold of employment access in computer service andsoftware industry,and the high skill and knowledgerequirements of labor force. The high-income effect of information transmission,computer services and software industry has prevented the ruralemployment labor force from joining. At the same time,italso aggravates the income gap between urban residents and rural residents,which eventually leads to the widening of the income gap.

关键词:流通产业;产业集聚;城乡收入差距;面板数据

Circulation industry;Industrial Agglomeration;Urban-rural incomegap

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